Five People Born on January 1
Today is January 1, 2010 and the 1st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. There are 364 days left in the year 2010. According the Mayan calendar, there are 1085 days till the end of the current cycle. On this day in 1939, Hewlett-Packard was formed. Here are five people that share a birthday on this day:
J.D. Salinger (Born 1919)
U.S. writer, born in New York City, whose novel The Catcher in the Rye (1951) won critical acclaim and devoted admirers, especially among the post-World War II generation of college students. His entire body of published works consists of that one novel and 13 short stories, all originally written in the period 1948–59. Major critical and popular recognition came with the publication of The Catcher in the Rye, whose central character, a sensitive, rebellious adolescent, relates in authentic teenage idiom his flight from the “phony” adult world, his search for innocence and truth, and his final collapse on a psychiatrist’s couch. The humor and colorful language of The Catcher in the Rye place it in the tradition of Mark Twain’s Adventures of Huckleberry Finn and the stories of Ring Lardner, but its hero, like most of Salinger’s child characters, views his life with an added dimension of precocious self-consciousness. Nine Stories (1953), a selection of Salinger’s best work, added to his reputation.
Betsy Ross (1752-1836)
American patriot born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. She worked as a seamstress and upholsterer, carrying on her husband’s upholstery business after he was killed in the American Revolution. According to legend, in 1776 she was visited by George Washington, Robert Morris, and her husband’s uncle George Ross, who asked her to make a flag for the new nation based on a sketch by Washington. She is supposed also to have suggested the use of the five-pointed star rather than the six-pointed one chosen by Washington. Though Ross did make flags for the navy, no firm evidence supports the legend of the national flag. In 1777 the Continental Congress adopted the Stars and Stripes as the U.S. flag.
J. Edgar Hoover (1895-1972)
Director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation, lawyer, and criminologist, born in Washington, District of Columbia, USA. He attended night classes at George Washington University while working as a clerk at the Library of Congress. After being admitted to the District of Columbia bar (1917), he became special assistant to attorney general A. Mitchell Palmer, and led the controversial “Palmer Raids” against alleged seditionists. Advancing from assistant (1921) to director (1924) of the Bureau of Investigation (which became the FBI in 1935), he remained director under every president from Coolidge to Nixon. He emphasized modern technological investigative techniques, improved training, and obtained increased funding from Congress. During the 1930s, FBI exploits against notorious gangsters made him a national hero. In the 1940s and 1950s he became well known for his anti-Communist and anti-subversive views and activities, but in the 1960s he became a problematic political figure due to his lack of sympathy for the civil-rights movement and the Kennedy administration. His reputation declined in later years following revelations concerning his vendettas against liberal activists, notably Martin Luther King Jr, and widespread illegal FBI activities. Though it is said that Presidents Harry Truman, John F. Kennedy and Lyndon Johnson each considered firing him during their terms as President, Hoover maintained strong support in Congress until his death in 1972. The FBI Headquarters in Washington, D.C. is named after Hoover, but because of the controversial nature of his legacy, there have been several proposals to rename it.
Michael Imperioli (Born 1966)
Imperioli is an actor, writer, and producer born in Mount Vernon, New York. Before making it big in the entertainment industry, Imperioli worked numerous jobs to support himself, including waiting tables in New York restaurants. This multitalented performer began his film career in the late 1980s, but it was in 1990′s Goodfellas that put him on the map as an actor. The next year Imperioli worked with director Spike Lee in Jungle Fever, playing a small part in the film. The two later worked together on several other films, including Malcolm X (1992), Clockers (1995), and Girl 6 (1996). During the 1990s, Imperioli also appeared in several other film projects, including the Hughes Brothers’ Dead Presidents (1995) and Trees Lounge (1996) with Steve Buscemi. In January 1999, Imperioli became part of the television phenomenon known as The Sopranos. The dramatic series, which looks at the life and personal struggles of fictional mob boss Tony Soprano made an impressive debut, capturing a large television audience and critical accolades. Imperioli impressed many with his dynamic performance as Christopher Moltisanti, a mob underling who struggles to find his place in the organization and the world at large. He won the 2004 Emmy Award for Outstanding Supporting Actor in a Drama Series and has been nominated for that same award on three other occasions. Imperioli has also put his considerable writing talents to use on the show, scripting several episodes.
Barry Goldwater (1909-1998)
Born in Phoenix, Arizona, Goldwater was a U.S. Senator and Presidential candidate. He headed the family department-store business from 1937, and during World War II he was a U.S. Air Force pilot (1941–45). A Republican, he was elected to the U.S. Senate in 1952, and he quickly established himself as a strong conservative, calling for a harsh diplomatic stance toward the Soviet Union, opposing arms-control negotiations with that country, and accusing the Democrats of creating a quasi-socialist state at home. In 1964 he won the Republican nomination for president but lost the election to Democratic Pres. Lyndon B. Johnson largely because of popular fears that Goldwater would provoke a nuclear war with the Soviets. Returning to the Senate (1969–87), he helped persuade Richard Nixon to resign in 1974. Goldwater moderated many of his views in later years, and he became a symbol of high-minded conservatism.