Five of the Most Evil Rulers of the Twentieth Century
With disasters striking the world, it is hard to imagine that we sometimes bring on this devastation ourselves, but man has an instinct to hurt his fellow man. Some of these people take this evil too far and fall into a list like this. Here are five people that rank as the most evil in the last century- each one a little worse than the first!
Slobodan Milosevic (1941-2006)
President of Serbia and Yugoslavia from 1989-2000. He is known for his strong Serb nationalism against native Albanians living in the region, citing that the Albanians were trying to absorb the Serb nation. Likewise, he did the same to the Croatians, reminding the Serbs of the atrocities placed upon them during World War Two. The result was ethnic cleansing on a vast scale. It is thought that he had over 230,000 people killed with an additional three million displaced from their home country. Milosevic was tried for genocide, and crimes against humanity by the International Criminal Tribunal of the Former Yugoslavia (ICTFY) in 2001. A five-year trial where Milosevic defended himself ended with his death from a heart attack.
Idi Amin (1925-2003)
Born Idi Amin Dada, he was president of Uganda from 1971-1979. In which time, he had approximately 300,000-500,000 people killed. He began his reign of terror with the Massacre of Turkana in 1962 in which an unknown number of Kenyans were killed, tortured and buried alive by Amin’s soldiers under his command. He rose to power killing more people and overthrowing the President of Uganda in 1971 who also used methods of terror and control over the people. Amin had 9000 loyalist soldiers executed during the coup. Wishing for African purism, Amin had 80,000 people kicked out of Uganda. Most of these people were of Pakistani or Indian background. The displaced people were given 90 days to leave or be executed. Amin continued to create his “perfect African nation” by killing off any who stood in his way. In 1979, he was disposed and fled to Libya and then Saudi Arabia, where he died in 2003.
Saddam Hussein (1937-2006)
President of Iraq and leading member of the revolutionary Baath Party. Hussein was a brutal dictator that is directly responsible for the deaths of approximately 1.7 million people, including: native Iraqis, Iranians, Kurds, and Kuwaitis. Fond of torture and the use of poisonous gasses, Hussein was known for housing torture chambers. His two sons followed his sadistic trends until their deaths in 2005. During his reign, Hussein fought the Iranians and the United States (first spearheading the U.N action to free Kuwait and then in the Iraqi War). During the latter war, he was captured and executed by hanging by members of his own country.
Pol Pot (1928-1998)
The leader of the Cambodian communist movement, known as Khmer Rouge, and prime minister of Democratic Kampuchea. Pol Pot, born Saloth Sar, was responsible for the deaths of approximately 1.7 to 2.5 million people from the combined efforts of execution, malnutrition, poor medical care and slave labor. This equated out to be 21% of the entire population of Cambodia. His goal was to “restart civilization” starting at Year Zero in Cambodia. He forced an agrarian collectivism on his people, making them move to collective farms and perform hard labor on government farms. He also created a system of infrastructure improvements in Cambodia powered by slave labor. In 1979, he was forced to flee his homeland during the Cambodia-Vietnamese War (1975-1989). The war ended the four year genocide of Pol Pot. He clung onto power with the Khmer Rouge, which was recognized as a legitimate government by the United Nations until 1997. The following year, he died while under house arrest by the Ta Mok faction of the Khmer Rouge. It is suspected that he was poisoned.
Josef Stalin (1879-1953)
The General Secretary of the Soviet Union from 1922, until his death in 1953, Stalin is responsible for the second greatest genocide in the history of mankind. The implementation of his Five-Year Plans caused widespread famine and his Great Purge eliminated all of his political opponents, Red Army dissidents, and even Communist Party members. Many of those purged were sent to gulags in Siberia to work in slave labor camps. He also had millions of ethnic minorities deported from Russian soil. When it was over, over 20 million people were killed behind the Iron Curtain.
*******************************BONUS MASS MURDERER*******************************
Adolf Hitler (1889-1945)
This monster goes on this list without saying. Hitler rose to power as the head of the German Nazi party. He was elected to office as Chancellor of Germany following World War One, when Germany was going through a time of great economic depression. Hitler’s goal was to establish a New Order and achieving living space for the Arayan people (his “perfect” race). He started doing this by attacking Poland which ended up in the start of World War Two. By 1942, Hitler implemented his Endlosung (or Final Solution) which was the plan to exterminate all of the “undesirables” to the Nazi party, which included: Jews, Slavs, Gypsies, Communists, Homosexuals, people with birth defects, and other people they had targeted for death camps. In all, this “solution” would lead to the deaths of approximately 17 million civilians, while turning millions more into refugees from their homes. Hitler is directly responsible for the deaths of about 46 million people, total.